Jan 132012
 
Anterior Bite Plane Lateral View

Anterior Bite Plane Lateral View

Today at the Southwest Dental Conference I am presenting a half day program on appliance therapy. One of the common questions we manage when making appliances is “what type of appliance should I make?”.  I don’t have a belief that any one appliance is superior to others. I do believe that each design of appliance works for a specific set of clinical indications and has a certain set of contra-indications or risks. Which design I use is individualized to the patient based on their exam findings and my clinical suspicion. Anterior Bite PlaneThe anterior bite plane appliance is a design I use commonly in my practice. The principle behind this appliance is that when back teeth are separated the elevator muscles don’t fire with the same force, thereby reducing the load across the system and allowing the muscles to release. The lack of posterior tooth contact also releases the Lateral Pterygoid allowing a seated condylar position to be recorded as part of the treatment planning process. This appliance design goes by many names, but the basic design is the same and the physical principles are consistent.

Indications for using an anterior only appliance:

  • All muscle diagnoses
  • Post-Op protection of restorations
  • Clenchers with healthy joints

Contra-indications for using an anterior only appliance:

  • Increased joint pain due to load
  • Worsening symptoms

Risks of anterior only appliance use:

  • Anterior tooth intrusion or posterior super-eruption with excessive use
  • Inability to find ICP

This appliance design can easily be fabricated in the office while the patient is there. Additionally, without posterior contacts as the muscles release and the condyles seat no posterior interferences are picked up that require monitoring and adjustment, so the process is efficient.

 

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  4 Responses to “Anterior Bite Plane Appliance”

  1. This is similar to the “Roth Splint” in orthodontics.

    I like the way you made this with the overlay for esthetics and then the acrylic bite plane added. This is much more esthetic than the Roth Splint.

    Could you do a video of this fabrication?

    Could you do a video of the fabrication of the mouthguard? We made our first one but we had a hard time doing the clear layer added to the colored layer. Still trying to figure that out!

    Thank you for all of your accomplishments. They are wonderful!

  2. Lee Ann, I would point out that in your splint design, the canines can occlude and thus the anterior belly of the temporalis muscle can fire and contract and elevate the mandible. I personally use an AMPSA (anterior mid point stop appliance) e.g Hornbrook, Nosti, Kois, Ritsco…) to erase muscle memory ad allow condylar seating and thus CR recording. Just my 0.02 cents! There are various designs for this type of appliance.

    • Roger,

      You are absolutely correct. This type of appliance can be made with centrals only or to include the canines. Canines will increase muscle activity over simply having centrals. I find that for most of my patients this still works as a very efficient and effective appliance. I utilize multiple anterior teeth to balance the two reasons we alter occlusions, reducing muscle engagement and distributing forces. I do however have patients that need the canine contacts removed to get the intended benefit, although this is a very small number. Either way I think it is a great appliance design for the stated reasons. Thanks for adding this to the discussion.

      Lee

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